Deutschland vs türkei

deutschland vs türkei

Sept. Am Donnerstag entscheidet die Uefa darüber, ob die Fußball-EM an Deutschland oder die Türkei vergeben wird. Beide Bewerber haben. Alle Spiele zwischen Deutschland und Türkei sowie eine Formanalyse der letzten Spiele untereinander. Darstellung der Heimbilanz von Deutschland gegen. Apr. Der DFB hat die Bewerbung für die Europameisterschaft abgegeben. Lahm : „Bei uns ist Fußball zu Hause.“ Aber der Mitbewerber Türkei.

Deutschland Vs Türkei Video

EURO 2008 highlights: Germany 3-2 Turkey

What is called Germany today was great for transit: Slavic communities pushed westwards. Celts were all over the place till they emigrated to the British isles or mixed with others.

The pastoralists on horseback from the Steppe also turned up, wrought havoc but did not have a lasting impact.

The Roman Empire was aware of the fact that these people differed from them. In BC days this was vague enough to mean people north of the Alps.

The conqueror Julius Ceasar then located Germans as people living east of the river Rhine. Germans did not have a feeling of any identity beyond their region.

But they coined the word theodisk derived from thiot: This differentiated them from the Romans, Gauls and other people using languages derived from Latin.

The others were called walhisk or welsh. Eventually the th sound turned to d and the word deutsch was born.

Romans were the proverbial wall builders well before the Chinese, Ulbricht and Trump. They called the wall limes. This limes or limit defined the identity of people.

Charlemagne united Saxons and others in one Christian catholic realm. But feudalism with its vasall system did not embrace real statehood.

Paradoxically as soon as this unity emerged peasant rebellions occurred and German Catholic and Lutherans slaughtered each other. In addition to Civil War there was also mass migration for the surplus population eastward and westward across the Atlantic.

Benedict Anderson argued that nation is a product of the printing press. Modern populism and even Jihadism can be interpreted as a product of the digital world.

It supplies echo chambers for those who want to lock up or remove from the face of the earth those that do not fit into their echo chamber. Germany being so immensely diverse and in constant flux between boom and bust invented its own mythological history.

Richard Wagner supplied the operatic medium equivalent to Hollywood and Broadway - it, in any way, created an imagined and inventednational identity.

They called themselves Aryans, an obscure IndoEuropean language group. In order to feel an identity that was practically non-existent they had to create an enemy: Having become the better Germans Nazis decided to erase them.

Imagine all the German maps of the last century and turn them into a gif file and you will see borders dancing across the land in wild abandon.

Borders, languages, names, identities constantly change. Historiography is a way of drawing good maps of such experiences. Identity is not being but becoming.

Identity is the work we put into work through our own problems and conflicts. The past and the future are unknown. The past is, with certainty, a gory abatoir.

The future is possibly catastrophe. The only certainty is the work that we as the human community put into the creation of solutions for ourselves.

Names matter but the interpretations we give to ourselves are more important. English being a mix of Anglo-Saxon, French and Latin after the Norman conquest had three choices as names for Germany but opted for the Latin one whereas the Italians with Tedeschi opted for the German source that we have mentioned.

Names reflect zeitgeist fashions and are then nailed down in dictionaries. I like to add, how a particular nation is called in another language is largely dependant on from what source they drew the name in history, especially when we talk about countries far away, like Nippon, known to you as Japan.

Discoverers of the middle ages would invariably bring back names in a distorted fashion, because they were not able to pronounce them correctly, and often did not care either.

In some cases, names were changed to work around sounds that are not contained in the recipient's language D eutsch land, M ü n ch en vs.

You pronounce Italia and Roma perfectly, but still say Rome and Italy, for in this fashion it follows the patterns your language provides.

Also, in the course of time when languages change, "awkward" constellations uncommon in a certain language are washed down or supported by a protesis.

On the side of the German language, a strange fact is that the U. But it is not common. Even New Mexico is rarely turned into Neu-Mexiko.

Australia and New Zealand, however, become Australien und Neuseeland. And Austria in German is Österreich. So the eternal Austr al ia mix-up is not even an issue in the German language.

Thx for the very valid comment below by Andreas J Schwab - have incorporated suggested edits, and have replaced examples.

You're right, Matthew, about there being no common root between the names Germany and Deutschland, and that's because they come from two very separate languages.

Germany comes from germania or germanicus. Those terms have a Latin root. In fact, it's believed that the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar may have actually coined the term that led to the modern English word Germany today.

It isn't percent certain, but some linguists believe that the Latin words meant "neighbor". Because English which is actually originally a germanic language itself has so many borrowed Latin root words is probably why English speakers went with the Latin term.

In France, Germany is called Allemagne which is based on their word for the people who lived in that area The Germans themselves called their country in their own germanic language Deutschland which simply means the people, or the folk.

Originally the tribes that are the basis for what we call Germans today, had other words to name themselves. BTW the British and the German language are related pretty closely - British and Germans belonged in a wider sense to "The Germans", which had similarities from the view of the Romans, who brought the word up.

You can see this relationship of the two languages when you go from the south of Germany northwards up to England in a straight line or vice versa - the language changes on your way not suddenly but step by step.

In northern Germany you have many words, that are closer to English than to German language. When you're in the Netherlands the language is already more english than german.

This phenomenon is called the "language continuum". The word that the English language uses to describe Germany, the Germans and their language "Germany", "German" is first attested in Caesar in "De Bello Gallico" his description of his warfare in this area.

The new word "German" replaced words like "Alman" and "Dutch". The origin of the word is uncertain, probably a Gaulish term. What the actual reason is why in Britain the one word is used and in Germany the other, I can only guess:.

That the people, who actually talk the language, they are referring to, use a word from that language, makes sense to me.

English is a Germanic language, but is an outlier in using the Latinate name. The English Dutch is also a derivative and was originally applied to Germanic language speakers, but eventually became applied only to the Low Countries and then only the Netherlands.

Its older sense is preserved in the term Pennsylvania Dutch. The Francophone Allemagne and its related Romance names come from the name of a particular Germanic tribe in southern Germany, the Alemanni.

In the s and 80s, efforts were made by conservatives in Germany to reclaim all three stanzas for the anthem.

On 7 March , months before reunification , the Federal Constitutional Court declared only the third stanza of Hoffmann's poem to be legally protected as a national anthem under German penitential law; Section 90a of the Criminal Code Strafgesetzbuch makes defamation of the national anthem a crime — but does not specify what the national anthem is.

In November , President Richard von Weizsäcker and Chancellor Helmut Kohl agreed in an exchange of letters to declare the third stanza alone to be the national anthem of the reunified republic.

The opening line of the third stanza, " Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit " "Unity and Justice and Freedom" , is widely considered to be the national motto of Germany, although it was never officially proclaimed as such.

The first verse, which is no longer part of the national anthem and is not sung on official occasions, names three rivers and one strait — the Meuse Maas in German , Adige Etsch and Neman Memel Rivers and the Little Belt strait — as the boundaries of the German Sprachbund.

As the song was written before German unification, there was never an intention to deliniate borders of Germany as a nation-state.

Nevertheless, these geographical references have been variously criticized as irredentist or misleading. The Belt strait and the Neman later became actual boundaries of Germany the Belt until , the Neman until , whereas the Meuse and Adige were not parts of the German Reich as of Today, no part of any of the four places mentioned in the " Deutschlandlied " lies in Germany.

In an ethnic sense, none of these places formed a distinct ethnic border. The Duchy of Schleswig to which the Belt refers was inhabited by both Germans and Danes, with the Danes forming a clear majority near the strait.

Around the Adige there was a mix of German, Venetian and Gallo-Italian speakers, and the area around the Neman was not homogeneously German, but also accommodated Lithuanians.

The Meuse if taken as referencing the Duchy of Limburg , nominally part of the German Confederation for 28 years due to the political consequences of the Belgian Revolution , was ethnically Dutch with few Germans.

Nevertheless, such nationalistic rhetoric was relatively common in 19th-century public discourse.

Despite the text and tune of the song being quite peaceful compared to some other national anthems, the song has frequently been criticised for its generally nationalistic tone, the immodest geographic definition of Germany given in the first stanza, and the alleged male-chauvinistic attitude in the second stanza.

German grammar distinguishes between über alles , i. German president Theodor Heuss , upon request from chancellor Konrad Adenauer , declared the Lied der Deutschen the national anthem of the German Federal Republic in May , along with the provision that only the third verse was to be sung at official occasions.

As a result, the Lied implicitly in its entirety was declared the national anthem, with the provision that the third verse would have precedence.

In , German pop singer Heino produced a record of the song, including all three verses, for use in primary schools in Baden-Württemberg.

The inclusion of the first two verses was met with criticism at the time. The first two verses are therefore no longer part of the national anthem, and the performance of the first verse in some cases has been portrayed as controversial.

In , Pete Doherty was supposed to sing the German national anthem live on radio at Bayerischer Rundfunk in Munich.

As he sang the first verse, he was booed by the audience. A spokesperson for Bayerischer Rundfunk welcomed the response, stating that otherwise further cooperation with Doherty would not have been possible.

When the first verse was played as the German national anthem at the canoe sprint world championships in Hungary in August , German athletes were reportedly "appalled".

Similarly, in the first verse was mistakenly sung by Will Kimble, a U. In an unsuccessful attempt to drown out the soloist, German tennis players and fans started to sing the third verse instead.

Hoffmann von Fallersleben also intended the text to be used as a drinking song ; the second stanza's toast to German wine, women and song are typical of this genre.

Unity and justice and freedom For the German fatherland; This let us all pursue, Brotherly with heart and hand. Unity and justice and freedom Are the pledge of fortune.

An alternative version called " Kinderhymne " Children's Hymn was written by Bertolt Brecht shortly after his return from American exile to a war-ravaged, bankrupt and geographically smaller Germany at the end of World War II and set to music by Hanns Eisler in the same year.

It gained some currency after the unification of Germany, with a number of prominent Germans opting for his "antihymn" to be made official: Und weil wir dies Land verbessern Lieben und beschirmen wir's Und das Liebste mag's uns scheinen So wie anderen Völkern ihr's.

Grace spare not and spare no labour Passion nor intelligence That a decent German nation Flourish as do other lands. That the people give up flinching At the crimes which we evoke And hold out their hand in friendship As they do to other folk.

And because we'll make it better Let us guard and love our home Love it as our dearest country As the others love their own.

Max Reger quotes the tune in the final section of his organ pieces Sieben Stücke , Op. The German musician Nico sometimes performed the national anthem at concerts and dedicated it to militant Andreas Baader , leader of the Red Army Faction.

In , the Slovenian "industrial" band Laibach incorporated Hoffmann's lyrics in a song titled "Germania", on the album Volk , which contains fourteen songs with adaptations of national anthems.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Über Alles disambiguation. Retrieved 27 June Blickpunt Bundestag in German.

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Deutschland vs türkei -

Doch am Donnerstag könnte der türkische Staatspräsident als Verlierer aus dem Flugzeug steigen, und das ausgerechnet in Berlin. Meinung Debatten User die Standard. Er kann das auch per Losentscheid tun. Jetzt sind wir dran! Das Original in digital.

türkei deutschland vs -

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English being a mix of Anglo-Saxon, French and Latin after the Norman conquest had three choices as names for Germany but opted for the Latin one whereas the Italians with Tedeschi opted for the German source that we have mentioned.

Names reflect zeitgeist fashions and are then nailed down in dictionaries. I like to add, how a particular nation is called in another language is largely dependant on from what source they drew the name in history, especially when we talk about countries far away, like Nippon, known to you as Japan.

Discoverers of the middle ages would invariably bring back names in a distorted fashion, because they were not able to pronounce them correctly, and often did not care either.

In some cases, names were changed to work around sounds that are not contained in the recipient's language D eutsch land, M ü n ch en vs.

You pronounce Italia and Roma perfectly, but still say Rome and Italy, for in this fashion it follows the patterns your language provides.

Also, in the course of time when languages change, "awkward" constellations uncommon in a certain language are washed down or supported by a protesis.

On the side of the German language, a strange fact is that the U. But it is not common. Even New Mexico is rarely turned into Neu-Mexiko. Australia and New Zealand, however, become Australien und Neuseeland.

And Austria in German is Österreich. So the eternal Austr al ia mix-up is not even an issue in the German language.

Thx for the very valid comment below by Andreas J Schwab - have incorporated suggested edits, and have replaced examples.

You're right, Matthew, about there being no common root between the names Germany and Deutschland, and that's because they come from two very separate languages.

Germany comes from germania or germanicus. Those terms have a Latin root. In fact, it's believed that the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar may have actually coined the term that led to the modern English word Germany today.

It isn't percent certain, but some linguists believe that the Latin words meant "neighbor". Because English which is actually originally a germanic language itself has so many borrowed Latin root words is probably why English speakers went with the Latin term.

In France, Germany is called Allemagne which is based on their word for the people who lived in that area The Germans themselves called their country in their own germanic language Deutschland which simply means the people, or the folk.

Originally the tribes that are the basis for what we call Germans today, had other words to name themselves. BTW the British and the German language are related pretty closely - British and Germans belonged in a wider sense to "The Germans", which had similarities from the view of the Romans, who brought the word up.

You can see this relationship of the two languages when you go from the south of Germany northwards up to England in a straight line or vice versa - the language changes on your way not suddenly but step by step.

In northern Germany you have many words, that are closer to English than to German language. When you're in the Netherlands the language is already more english than german.

This phenomenon is called the "language continuum". The word that the English language uses to describe Germany, the Germans and their language "Germany", "German" is first attested in Caesar in "De Bello Gallico" his description of his warfare in this area.

The new word "German" replaced words like "Alman" and "Dutch". The origin of the word is uncertain, probably a Gaulish term.

What the actual reason is why in Britain the one word is used and in Germany the other, I can only guess:. That the people, who actually talk the language, they are referring to, use a word from that language, makes sense to me.

English is a Germanic language, but is an outlier in using the Latinate name. The English Dutch is also a derivative and was originally applied to Germanic language speakers, but eventually became applied only to the Low Countries and then only the Netherlands.

Its older sense is preserved in the term Pennsylvania Dutch. The Francophone Allemagne and its related Romance names come from the name of a particular Germanic tribe in southern Germany, the Alemanni.

The various languages that first came into contact with French adopted the French name, including Arabic and various American Indian languages. Anyway, here is the original question:.

Do the Germans ever refer to themselves as from Germany or just simply the "Deutschland"? From my experience living in Germany and talking to many Germans over many years, the choice of words depends on the language being spoken, the context including who the conversational partner is , and mental disposition of the speaker.

If being humorous, they might use some other term in German or another language depending on setting and circumstances e. Speakers of most Germanic languages, of which German is only one, call it by a name from the Old German root diutisc , with the exception of English, which, like Italian, Romanian.

Greek, Irish and Scots Gaelic, uses a word derived from Germani , the name of a tribe living around and east of the Rhine. Speakers of most Romance languages except for Italian and Romanian as well as Welsh, use names derived from the name of a tribe called the Alemanni , a confederation of German tribes, as do Arabic and Turkish, probably due to the influence of French.

It is an ethnic marker for a group of people. In IE languages maybe all languages? In fact it is so widely used in a variety of contexts that independently multiple linguistic communities have had to take up the use of a second term to indicate actual blood relations.

So, if the original term for brother whatever it is starts to be used to refer to good friends, colleagues, fellow members in educational associations and even strangers as a way of showing openness and lack of social distance, then sometimes a whole other word gains currency to describe males born to the same parents both or either.

The same thing occurred in Greek. You know that Philadelphia means ' city of brotherly love'. This means 'delphos' was the male who came from the same mother.

The Oracle at Delphi belonged to Apollo the twin brother of Artemis and even the name of the animal the dolphin comes from this word as the 'womb-fish'.

Sources give partly differing explanations and descriptions. I like these ones the most. That was from the times of Ceasar when Germans looked like a bunch of identical barbarians who were attacking the Roman Empire.

Alemanni were a specific Germanic tribe well, a collection of several tribes living around Rhine in the 3rd century. While Alemania boils down to Latin, Deutsch which is etymologically the same root as Dutch, and they only diverged in meaning relatively recently, to denote two countries also comes from an old word for the people.

But Germany, like the world, is bigger than that. Spanish Alemania and French Allemagne derive from the Latin Alemanni , which was the Roman name for the southern confederation of Germanic tribes living off their Rhenish border.

The Alemanni never went away, but eventually blended into the political structures of what are now Alsace, Baden-Wurttemburg state, and northern Switzerland.

The dialects of German spoken in these areas are a distinct bunch from the others. Germany comes from the Latin Germania , which was the name the Romans gave to the entire region in Central Europe where these tribes lived.

The name is an extension of the name Germani , who were a tribe living around modern Northeastern France, about whom little is now known.

It is likely that the name for this tribe was extended to be the name for the region as a whole.

But who made that extension? The Romans likely got the name itself from the Gauls. Basically, there are a lot of different names for Germany and Germans.

But they all come from ways of describing some or all of the people living there many many centuries ago. The names survived, and sometimes shifted in meaning.

Germany as a country did not start until , before that it was made up of different countries, provinces and before that, tribes - Bavaria, Prussia, Saxony, etc.

When the country came about, different languages chose names that were associated with one of the original tribes, and just happened to pick differently.

So, "Germany" came from the Latin "Germania", "Allemagne" from the Alemanni tribe, and "Deutschland" from the old High German word "diutisc" meaning "of the people".

Well, apart from the fact that Deutsch- isn't the way we would spell the first element of the word anyway, we already have another nation which we gave the English root word to, which is cognate with the German word Deutsch.

It's the Dutch, but they are from the Netherlands. Also modern Germany is a relatively modern state. Our word for the Dutch and its use to denote people from the Netherlands existed long before the country Germans call Deutschland today.

Originally in the 14th century, in English the word Dutch was used to refer to Germans in general, by the 's it was being applied to "Hollanders".

The state called Deutschland didn't appear until the early 19th century. Interestingly the English word Dutch didn't actually come from English, but from the Middle Dutch word Duutsch - borrowed in the 14th century.

By the time Germany became Deutschland, the British Empire was already in full flow. I imagine the reason Germany from the Latin root was chosen as the name of the country, was because the British equated their own empire with the Roman Empire, and English already had lots of words borrowed from Latin.

Otherwise, perhaps we would have called it Theodishland instead. Just how many names do other nations have in the many languages of Earthlings?

Has anyone compiled a database of the names excluding profanity of course by which the United States of America is known? What would be the effect if this practice, using alternate names in an official manner, were to be extended to people?

But this is my first attempt at participating in this intriguing forum. Germany was not a country until Until then it consisted of a number of states and two centuries earlier that ran into three figures.

What they shared was the German language which Martin Luther standardised in the 16th century so that everyone could understand his translation of the Bible.

The former German states corresponded to the German tribes — Saxons, Prussians, Bavarians, Allemani in the southwest, Helvetii in Switzerland and more — and so the surrounding nations tended to take the name from the neighbouring tribe.

Italian has tedesco for the adjective, but Germania for the country. It is a first cousin, so the closest kind aside from double-cousins.

Germane means closely related. The Germans were, from the Roman perspective, a closely related collection of tribes. This page may be out of date.

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Why is "Deutschland" called "Germany" in English? What do Germans call themselves? Quora User , Glad to possess a German passport. Learn More at englishninjas.

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Why is the English pound called Sterling? Why is English called English? Just a few additions to what has already been said. In addition, with the Carlsbad Decrees of , Austrian Chancellor Klemens von Metternich and his secret police enforced censorship, mainly in universities, to keep a watch on the activities of teachers and students, whom he held responsible for the spread of radical liberalist ideas.

Since reactionaries among the monarchs were the main adversaries, demands for freedom of the press and other liberal rights were most often uttered in connection with the demand for a united Germany, even though many revolutionaries-to-be had different opinions about whether a republic or a constitutional monarchy would be the best solution for Germany.

The German Confederation Deutscher Bund — was a loose federation of 35 monarchical states and four republican free cities, with a Federal Assembly in Frankfurt.

They began to remove internal customs barriers during the Industrial Revolution , and the German Customs Union Zollverein was formed among the majority of the states in In Hoffmann wrote a song about the Zollverein , also to Haydn's melody, in which he praised the free trade of German goods which brought Germans and Germany closer.

For a short period in the late s, Germany was economically united with the borders described in the anthem, and a democratic constitution was being drafted, and with the black-red-gold flag representing it.

However, after the two largest German monarchies, Prussia and Austria, put an end to this liberal movement toward national unification.

August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben wrote the text in on holiday on the North Sea island of Heligoland , then a possession of the United Kingdom now part of Germany [5].

Hoffmann von Fallersleben intended " Das Lied der Deutschen " to be sung to Haydn's tune, as the first publication of the poem included the music.

The first line, " Deutschland, Deutschland über alles, über alles in der Welt " usually translated into English as "Germany, Germany above all else, above all else in the world" , was an appeal to the various German monarchs to give the creation of a united Germany a higher priority than the independence of their small states.

In the third stanza, with a call for " Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit " unity and justice and freedom , Hoffmann expressed his desire for a united and free Germany where the rule of law , not monarchical arbitrariness, would prevail.

In the era after the Congress of Vienna , influenced by Metternich and his secret police , Hoffmann's text had a distinctly revolutionary and at the same time liberal connotation, since the appeal for a united Germany was most often made in connection with demands for freedom of the press and other civil rights.

Its implication that loyalty to a larger Germany should replace loyalty to one's local sovereign was then a revolutionary idea.

Germany, Germany above all, Above all in the world, When, for protection and defense, It always stands brotherly together. German women , German loyalty, German wine and German song Shall retain in the world Their old beautiful chime And inspire us to noble deeds During all of our life.

Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit Für das deutsche Vaterland! Danach lasst uns alle streben Brüderlich mit Herz und Hand!

Unity and justice and freedom For the German fatherland! Towards these let us all strive Brotherly with heart and hand!

Unity and justice and freedom Are the foundation of happiness;: After the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in , " Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser " became the official anthem of the emperor of the Austrian Empire.

After the death of Francis II new lyrics were composed in , Gott erhalte, Gott beschütze , that mentioned the Emperor, but not by name.

With those new lyrics, the song continued to be the anthem of Imperial Austria and later of Austria-Hungary. Austrian monarchists continued to use this anthem after in the hope of restoring the monarchy.

The adoption of the Austrian anthem's melody by Germany in was not opposed by Austria. During the time of the German Empire it became one of the most widely known patriotic songs.

The song became very popular after the Battle of Langemarck during World War I , when, supposedly, several German regiments, consisting mostly of students no older than 20, attacked the British lines on the Western front singing the song, suffering heavy casualties.

They are buried in the Langemark German war cemetery in Belgium. The official report of the army embellished the event as one of young German soldiers heroically sacrificing their lives for the Fatherland.

In reality the untrained troops were sent out to attack the British trenches and were mown down by machine guns and rifle fire.

This report, also known as the "Langemarck Myth", was printed on the first page in newspapers all over Germany. It is doubtful whether the soldiers would have sung the song in the first place: Nonetheless, the story was widely repeated.

The melody used by the "Deutschlandlied" was still in use as the anthem of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until its demise in In the black, red and gold tricolour, the colours of the 19th century liberal revolutionaries advocated by the political left and centre, was adopted rather than the previous black, white and red of Imperial Germany.

Thus, in a political trade-off, the conservative right was granted a nationalistic anthem — though Ebert advocated using only the anthem's third stanza which was done after World War II.

In this way, the first verse of the song became closely identified with the Nazi regime. After its founding in , West Germany did not have a national anthem for official events for some years, despite the growing need for the purpose of diplomatic procedures.

In lieu of an official national anthem, popular German songs such as the Trizonesien-Song , a carnival song mocking the occupying Allied powers, were used at some sporting events.

Different musical compositions were discussed or used, such as the fourth movement of Ludwig van Beethoven 's Ninth Symphony , which is a musical setting of Friedrich Schiller 's poem "An die Freude" " Ode to Joy ".

Though the black, red and gold colours of the national flag had been incorporated into Article 22 of the West German constitution , a national anthem was not specified.

On 29 April , Chancellor Konrad Adenauer asked President Theodor Heuss in a letter to accept " Das Lied der Deutschen " as the national anthem, with only the third stanza being sung on official occasions.

President Heuss agreed to this on 2 May This exchange of letters was published in the Bulletin of the Federal Government.

Since it was viewed as the traditional right of the President as head of state to set the symbols of the state, the " Deutschlandlied " thus became the national anthem.

As the lyrics of this anthem called for "Germany, united Fatherland", they were no longer officially used, from about , [12] after the DDR abandoned its goal of uniting Germany under communism.

With slight adaptations, the lyrics of " Auferstanden aus Ruinen " can be sung to the melody of the " Deutschlandlied " and vice versa.

In the s and 80s, efforts were made by conservatives in Germany to reclaim all three stanzas for the anthem.

On 7 March , months before reunification , the Federal Constitutional Court declared only the third stanza of Hoffmann's poem to be legally protected as a national anthem under German penitential law; Section 90a of the Criminal Code Strafgesetzbuch makes defamation of the national anthem a crime — but does not specify what the national anthem is.

In November , President Richard von Weizsäcker and Chancellor Helmut Kohl agreed in an exchange of letters to declare the third stanza alone to be the national anthem of the reunified republic.

The opening line of the third stanza, " Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit " "Unity and Justice and Freedom" , is widely considered to be the national motto of Germany, although it was never officially proclaimed as such.

The first verse, which is no longer part of the national anthem and is not sung on official occasions, names three rivers and one strait — the Meuse Maas in German , Adige Etsch and Neman Memel Rivers and the Little Belt strait — as the boundaries of the German Sprachbund.

As the song was written before German unification, there was never an intention to deliniate borders of Germany as a nation-state. Nevertheless, these geographical references have been variously criticized as irredentist or misleading.

The Belt strait and the Neman later became actual boundaries of Germany the Belt until , the Neman until , whereas the Meuse and Adige were not parts of the German Reich as of Today, no part of any of the four places mentioned in the " Deutschlandlied " lies in Germany.

In an ethnic sense, none of these places formed a distinct ethnic border. The Duchy of Schleswig to which the Belt refers was inhabited by both Germans and Danes, with the Danes forming a clear majority near the strait.

Around the Adige there was a mix of German, Venetian and Gallo-Italian speakers, and the area around the Neman was not homogeneously German, but also accommodated Lithuanians.

The Meuse if taken as referencing the Duchy of Limburg , nominally part of the German Confederation for 28 years due to the political consequences of the Belgian Revolution , was ethnically Dutch with few Germans.

Nevertheless, such nationalistic rhetoric was relatively common in 19th-century public discourse. Despite the text and tune of the song being quite peaceful compared to some other national anthems, the song has frequently been criticised for its generally nationalistic tone, the immodest geographic definition of Germany given in the first stanza, and the alleged male-chauvinistic attitude in the second stanza.

German grammar distinguishes between über alles , i. German president Theodor Heuss , upon request from chancellor Konrad Adenauer , declared the Lied der Deutschen the national anthem of the German Federal Republic in May , along with the provision that only the third verse was to be sung at official occasions.

As a result, the Lied implicitly in its entirety was declared the national anthem, with the provision that the third verse would have precedence.

In , German pop singer Heino produced a record of the song, including all three verses, for use in primary schools in Baden-Württemberg.

The inclusion of the first two verses was met with criticism at the time. The first two verses are therefore no longer part of the national anthem, and the performance of the first verse in some cases has been portrayed as controversial.

In , Pete Doherty was supposed to sing the German national anthem live on radio at Bayerischer Rundfunk in Munich. As he sang the first verse, he was booed by the audience.

A spokesperson for Bayerischer Rundfunk welcomed the response, stating that otherwise further cooperation with Doherty would not have been possible.

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